4. MAFSU, Nagpur
Livestock Research Farms
ICAR Assistance under Development funds to universities
To restart funding of research scheme under Cess funds
To increase the number of scholarship for post-graduate students in veterinary,
fisheries and dairy technology.
Charging of heavy fee by NAARM from the participants of SAUs for training purposes.
Proceedings of the 'Special Meeting of Animal, Veterinary and Fisheries universities or
institutes', held at College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Selesih, Aizawl (Mizoram) on
13 March 2006 (for approval)
Present: 1. Dr.A.T. Sherikar, Vice-Chancellor,
2. Prof. R.N.
Sreenivas Gowda, Vice-Chancellor, KVAFSU, Bidar
3. Dr. Sushil
Kumar, Director, NDr.I, Karnal
4. Dr. A . K . Bandopadhyay, Vice-Chancellor, WBUAFS, Kolkata
5. Dr. Dharmeswar Das, Joint Director, I V R I , Izatnagar
6. Prof (Dr.) Biman Malakar, Dean, WBUAFS, Mohanpur Campus
7. Dr. S.S. Magar, President
IAUA & Vice-Chancellor, DBSKKV, Dapoli
8. Dr. S.N.
Puri, ex-President IAUA & Vice-Chancellor, CAU, Imphal
9. Dr. C.R. Hazra, Member (NE)
IAUA & Vice-Chancellor, I G K W , Raipur
10. Dr. G.R. Singh,
Dean College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Selesih (Mizoram)
11. Dr. R.P. Singh,
Executive Secretary, IAUA
At the outset, Dr. S.N. Puri, the host, thanked all the
participating Vice-Chancellors, Directors, Joint Directors and
Deans, representing their universities, institutes etc. He also
clarified about the genesis of the meeting, a point raised by
Prof. Sreenivas Gowda at the time of Brain Storming
Session on 'Distance Education' held at Banglore during
17-18 August 2005 that the problems of the Veterinary, Animal
and Fisheries Sciences Universities are different from those of the agricultural
universities. Dr. Puri, the then President, IAUA
assured that a special meeting would be organized as soon as
possible in the north-east, which would also require suggestions
on the development of animal resources. Then Dr. S. S. Magar
took over the charge of the meeting.
Dr. Magar also thanked all the participants and briefed them about the history and
achievements of IAUA, including the efforts about the meeting of IAUA Executive Committee
with Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission in 2003 and also with the latest VCs' Conference
organized by the ICAR at Pantnagar. Supporting the issues related to animal husbanDr.y and
fisheries that could alsoform a part of the regional meetings for greater care
of the health of
animals and new breeds, to lay emphasis on seed and hatcheries and also on different components
of animal sciences, with involvement of ICAR authorities. Focus would be laid on presenting the
problems of individual university through IAUA. As the problems of grass-root workers in animal
sciences and fisheries are altogether different, these should be known through the participation
the farmers involving the common man along with the top level scientists, administrators and
workers in the planning.
The issues are to be dealt with completely in farming systems approach, by giving due
consideration to each component. He said that in such special meetings along with the VCs, the
directors of research, deans and directors of extension should also be allowed to participate, to
learn. However, he emphasized that that media must not be involved much, to avoid
exaggeration as was observed in their reports on bird flu, which considerably damaged the poultry
industry. He also promised that IAUA would also help create harmony in the institutes and
universities, in view of the point raised in the recent news that appeared about NDr.I, Karnal. The
IAUA must involve or invite ex-EC members and IAUA Ex-VCs for their continuing support.
Before the start of special meeting,
Dr. Gajraj Singh, Dean, College of Veterinary and
Animal Sciences, Selesih gave a brief glimpse of history, functioning and achievements till date
the college. He pointed out good scope of animal production in view of its great demand in the
region, especially Mizoram, owing to the food habits of the population who are rice and meat
eaters. Attention is also needed on animal health, as diseases are encountered from across the
borders, for which very effective and efficient surveillance is to be enforced. Dog meat is very
popular in Mizoram, and is supposed to be a delicacy. He gave a mention of CAU, Imphal,
which since its establishment in 1992 has proved effective (from 25 January 1993) for production
of adequate food and its proper dissemination to help protect public and animal health
Dr Magar, President IAUA, enumerated the
ideas that IAUA would take up for Veterinary Sciences with the following
Filling up the vacancies by recommending lifting of ban.
To support the point on development of
suitable infrastructure and facilities and also the promotion of
agricultural land and suitable machineries.
To support the point on establishment of new veterinary
universities as per the demand of the area in different states.
To develop a mechanism for linkages in veterinary
To support highlighting of excellent achievements by
sharing manuals and library facilities.
Dr Magar and Dr Puri requested all the members to present
their agenda items.
Prof. Sreenivas Gowda, taking the floor
first, thanked them for providing the opportunity and raised the following
There should be similarity in course curricula in veterinary universities and colleges. To avo i d
overlapping in course contents, a change for improvement is required every 5 years.
It is felt that Veterinary Council of India Committee do not take cognizance of the national and
international changing scenario. The students are therefore to be equipped for preparing the
future technology to suit the market demand.
Agricultural universities should support the veterinary
colleges, as the ICAR funding is inadequate.
During drought conditions, it is dairy industry that comes
to the rescue of the farmers, and deserves better attention.
The veterinary extension services are very poor so far, I
and need more and updated improvement.
Some KVKs in the domain of veterinary and animal
sciences universities should be transferred to veterinary
universities as per the need of the areas or farmers for
For fisheries universities, the money has been given for
infrastructure development but not for the purchase of the fish and the seed.
The universities must provide funds for the ladies training hostels.
Dr Puri pointed out that the ICAR is keeping:
(i) The ICAR is keeping Supply of seed for
fisheries on priority. However, this requirement can form apart of
(ii) We also support the idea to open extra KVKs as per the demand
of the areas where veterinary universities are in existence
Dr Sushil Kumar mentioned the progress
made by NDRI through Green Revolution by improved production of crops and
their management. However, second Green Revolution is needed with the
combination of agriculture, animal husbandry, veterinary and fisheries
He made the following points:
The comprehensive farming-system components, especially of dairy and fisheries, has
increased the income of the farmers and is inseparable and essential as per the location and
situation in different states.
The yield in crops, is not increasing much to match the efforts and expectation, and natural
resources have been exploited to the extent possible, which provides ample scope to lay more
emphasis on value addition in animal, veterinary and fisheries sciences and sea-food industry
etc. to provide adequate and nutritive food.
To add to the development of animal sciences programme, it is necessary to supplement the
feed and fodder for the livestock. For this we have to develop grain and fodder varieties of dual
purpose to have quality feed and high fodder production.
For efficient livestock production, vigorous efforts are needed for utilization of crop residues
at the farmers and village level, as is being done in China.
5. Under adverse disaster situation of drought, floods etc., the animal to suffer as much as the crops
and human beings. Each of these requires similar attention.
Collective approach for breeding of animals is needed, for which their physiology package
should reach the small farmers.
Dr Dharmeswar Das raised the following
There has to be an integrated approach of the universities/State Development
Departments/ICAR scientists with participation of farmers and stakeholders for developing
need based and cost-effective technologies.
There should be a strong channel for exchanging
innovative ideas and technologies amongst the veterinary
and agricultural universities.
Regular revision of course curricula with introduction of
newer, advanced and need-based tracking courses as
required to equip the graduates with skill and competence
to meet international standards.
Veterinary graduates should be trained for production
system as a whole, to effectively cater to the needs of the
farming community and to develop entrepreneurship.
Training and placement cells of the colleges should be
strengthened with computer, internet, database
facilities for regular and proper placement of the
There should be a separate development grant from the ICAR to the veterinary colleges and
niversities, as some of their requirements are different from those of the agricultural universities.
The ICAR should provide funds for establishment of demonstration units of mixed farming
system in the veterinary and agricultural colleges as per requirement of the area or state for
hands-on-training to the students and demonstration to the farmers.
There should be separate fund provision from the ICAR for ambulatory clinics for the staff and
students of the veterinary colleges for field requirement.
Dr Sherikar raised the following
Agriculture and animal husbandry is an inseparable system, hence grant to the universities
should be sufficient to cater to the whole sum requirement
for the dimension of the areas.
The animals are most helpful to supplement the income of
the farmers and to rescue them in adverse conditions.
So far the dairy and fisheries industry has been neglected
because of greater emphasis laid on crop production during
the setting of Green Revolution. Since then as the yields
are plateauing, Second Green Revolution can be achieved by giving similar emphasis primarily to animal and dairy and
fisheries industries and other farming system
components like sea-food industry, sericulture, floriculture etc and value addition in all the components of farming
We also need to pay attention to the production and efficiency of buffalo, which in India
represent 70% of world buffalo population.
Suitable internship or scholarship to veterinary graduates should also be given, as being
paid to other interns. However, he would submit a note to IAUA on the internship money
(allowance) for the veterinary graduates.
Dr A.K. Bandopadhyay supported these points
with reference to his university as well as West Bengal. He also cited the
problem of flow of animals from West Bengal to Bangladesh and vice-versa,
which might create unknown disease problems on which strict vigilance is
needed. On this issue, a number of clinics or KVKs should be opened at the
sensitive spots around the boundary areas.
There is ample scope of dairy and fisheries
industries in West Bengal, as the agriculture system is dominated by rice
during rainy (kharif) season and much of the land during winter (rabi)
season is fallow, which is being used as pastures for the animals.
Dr C.R. Hazra, pointed out that no separate
funds are coming forth for the veterinary and dairy technology colleges and
funds from the common University Grants are being utilized, which is not
enough for the research and development of the veterinary or animal sciences
universities or colleges. Dr Puri suggested that veterinary universities
should be treated on par with the new agricultural universities coming up
now a days. Dr Sreenivas Gowda pointed out that there are no co-ordinated
projects in the veterinary sciences, animal sciences and fisheries sciences
to focus individual discipline unlike that being done for different crops in
the agricultural sector. Dr. Sherikar emphasized that veterinary colleges
under the main university should be treated as important as agriculture for
funds provision concerning the number of scholarships should also be
increased as per number of the admissions in different universities and as
per the current demand of the university. Dr Bandopadhyay raised a point
that there should be some flexibility on the diversion of funds as per the
immediate and essential need, and that training allowance should be given to
all the students.
Dr Puri remarked that though ICAR is already
giving the repair and maintenances grants, more grants are needed for the
student welfare. There is also need for catch-up grant to start again for
the repair and maintenances of the old buildings.
Prof. Sreenivas Gowda demanded that a project like Vidya
dairy be started and funded separately as per the demand of the veterinary
universities or veterinary colleges for greater milk production in all the
states in India. Project on Meat and fish technology might also be started
similar to that of Vidya dairy, depending on the situation. Special grant is
needed for the girls' hostel. The scale of grant for allotment of funds
should be increased as per the increased costs of resources and inputs
nowadays and that 15% of the allotment grant should be at the discretion of
the VC for spending on the emergent needs (except salary). He expressed that
the sustainability in dairy technology will be a most difficult job in
future in comparison with the sustainability in crop production.
In the end, Dr Puri gave following
VCI has already provided the code of
working for animals and human health, which should be applied and
treated at par.
There should be no ban on filling of the
posts arising out of the new programmes.
There should be a basic degree in the
non-veterinary departments to support the programmes.
There should be strong collaboration
from the ICAR and state line departments with the local universities, as
nowadays there are no extension workers from veterinary departments at
the university level.
Finally Dr Magar, Chairman of the Meeting,
concluded that in veterinary, animal husbandry and fisheries sciences, the
education and research work are comparatively satisfactory. However, greater
emphasis is needed on extension work, which is very weak and slow at
present. He also asked for greater emphasis on ways and means to reach the
farmers for redressing their problems.
He profusely thanked all the participants
for their very active participation and contribution during the course of
discussion and also placed on record the excellent arrangements made at the
Meeting, efficiently hosted by Dr Puri and his colleague Dr Gajraj Singh.
Prof. Sreenivas Gowda, on behalf of the
participants, thanked Dr S. N. Puri and his team for keeping all the
participants with very good arrangements and he also requested that there
should be strong follow up ofthe recommendations of this meeting and later
on the progress should be discussed in such like other meeting in due course
Concluding the meeting, Dr. S.N. Puri
thanked Dr Magar, for conducting the proceedings ofthe meeting with great
efficiency and profusely thanked all the participants for their active
The problems and requirements of Animal, Veterinary and Fisheries Sciences are different
from those of crop sciences. These could be best known by working through the participation
of farmers while planning for developmental programmes. (ICAR/SAUs/SG)
Each farmer should be considered as a unit of farming system practitioner, and each
component adding to his income from livestock should receive due consideration.
Media should be involved to highlight the gains and achievements, but must not be allowed to
indulge in propaganda as was done by them for bird flu, which caused considerable damage to
poultry industry. (SAUs/SG)
The porous borders of the country towards north-east are more vulnerable to the risk of
animal health, as the diseases are transmitted from across the border, for which very effective
check and surveillance is to be enforced. (GOI, ICAR/SAUs/GS)
The ban on filling up of the vacancies lying vacant in veterinary, animal husbandry and
fisheries universities or colleges should be lifted and also there should not be any ban on filling up ofthe vacancies
arising out ofthe new programmes. (GOI/ICAR/SG)
Establishment of new veterinary universities should be supported as per the demand ofthe
area for realizing maximum productivity, production and profitability inherent in livestock
Some mechanism is to be developed to have working linkages in veterinary universities. This
may prove to be cost effective. (S AUs)
The veterinary universities should highlight their achievements by sharing manuals and
library facilities. (SAUs)
Course curricula should be uniform in veterinary universities and veterinary colleges. It
should avoid overlapping and should be updated every 5 years for improvement, to take cognigence of national and international scenario. (SAUs)
The veterinary colleges in agricultural universities should be given priority out ofthe funds
received from ICAR as per the demand ofthe area and problems. (SAU)
For fisheries and veterinary universities, special funds should be allocated for the purchase of
animals, poultry, fishes, semen and seeds, over and above the infrastructure-development
In the areas prone to climatic hazards like drought and floods, where large-scale damage of
crops occurs, the animal husbandry, fisheries and other components ofthe farming systems
must receive priority for allotment of funds for their promotion and development.
Some KVKs in the domain ofthe veterinary universities, should be transferred to veterinary
university or permission be accorded to start new Livestock Vigyana Kendras (LVK) for
discernible and effective contributions. (GOI/ICAR/SAUs/GS)
For veterinary universities also, separate funds should be provided for ladies training and
working-women hostels. (GOI/ICAR/GS)
There should be effective channel for exchange of ideas and technologies between the
veterinary and agricultural universities for guidance on cost-effective procedures to the
The ICAR should fund the mixed farming units as per the requirement ofthe areas where the
daiy, poultry, Fisheries, horticulture, vegetable and flower cultivation etc. are the essential
components with the farmers along with crop production. (GOI/ICAR/SG)
To achieve evergreen revolution, greater emphasis is needed on veterinary, animals science,
dairy, fisheries, sea-food and sericulture etc. along with the value addition in all the
components of the farming system in a way similar to that laid on crop-production programmes during the setting of Green Revolution. Over exploitation of natural resources
due to intensive cropping needs to be compensated through organic farming for which
livestock poultry and fisheries have to play significant role. (GOI/ICAR/SG)
Veterinary graduates should be trained for the whole production system to effectively cater
to the needs ofthe farming community. (SAUs)
There should be separate funds for ambulatory clinics for going to the rural areas to cater to
the need ofthe seriously ill animals which cannot go to the cities, universities or state-run
clinic centres (GOI/ICAR/SG)
The buffalo production and its efficiency need to be taken up on very high priority, as India
has 70% ofthe world buffalo population and it contributes 57% of milk produced in India,
besides draught power and meat. (GOI/ICAR/SG/SAU)
Suitable internship or scholarship should be paid to the veterinary graduates similar to that
paid to other interim. (GOI/ICAR/SG)
Special clinics or KVKs are needed to have strict vigilance on the sensitive spots at the Indian
boundary touching other countries. (GOI/ICAR/SG/SAUs)
In some parts of north-east and West Bengal, the agriculture system is dominated by rice in kharif and during rabi much of the land remains fallow, which can be very effectively utilized
as pastures for dairy industry and water pounds for fishery enterprises. (GOI/SG/SAU)
The veterinary universities should be treated on a par with the new agricultural universities
for funding by the ICAR. (GOI/ICAR/SG)
There should be provision of developing co-ordinated projects or network programmes
on major components of veterinary, animal and fisheries sciences, as is being done for
different crops in agricultural sector. (GOI/ICAR)
The Number of scholarship should be increased corresponding to the number of
admissions in different universities as per the demand. (ICAR/SG)
There should be flexibility in diversion of 15% fund
(except salary) for immediate and essential needs.(ICAR/SG)
The ICAR should restart the provision of catch-up grant
for the repair and maintenance of old buildings.
The Vidya dairy project should be started and funded
separately as per the demand of the veterinary universities
or colleges to ensure more milk production in all the
Special projects On meat and IlSh technology Should be
allowed to start on the same grounds as Vidya dairy
according to the demand and situations of the areas in the
The Scale of grants for allotment of funds should be increased as per the increased cost of
resources and inputs now a days. (ICAR/SG)
The extension workers from the veterinary departments at the university level should have strong
support or collaboration from SAUs and state-line departments for effective working. (SAUs/SG)
Adequate fund needs to be granted for Research and Development in diagnosis and
identification of emerging and re-emerging animal diseases.
Veterinarian teachers in SAUs should be given Non-Practicing Allowance, as existing in
ICAR and Central Government Institutions.
The ICAR should support teaching and research programmes on health and care of pet and
wild animals, food safely, bio-safety, bio-diversity, ecosystem etc.
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University
of Agriculture & Technology, Modipuram,
Meerut 250110 (U.P)
(R. P. Singh)