HRD programmes should
be liberal and timely implemented.
One percent of
Agricultural GDP should be allocated to NARS with rational
distribution to education, research and extension education.
There is need to
examine the existent course which have many good aspects and change
the curricula if needed.
It is necessary to
strengthen the areas like taxonomy, disaster management, IPR etc.
There is a great need
to revamp the Home Science course curricula.
The SAUs have a great
strength to internationalize higher education and for this necessary
specialization, infrastructure etc. need to be developed.
SAUs may identify the
niche areas and develop the needed course curricula in the niche
areas across the disciplines for attracting international students.
ICAR may provide
proper guidelines for the course equivalence of graduate students
from foreign countries.
It is necessary to
develop course curricula and necessary infrastructure for offering
vocational courses in Agriculture, Veterinary sciences, Animal
husbandry, Dairy Sciences and Fisheries.
are needed and vocational courses in dairy sectors are to be
developed and popularized among the youth especially rural youth.
Some scope may be
given for consideration of need based courses also in addition to
the common one taught in the light of uniformity.
procedure should be adopted in all SAUs.
There may be
agricultural engineering extension specialization in SAUs.
with industrial extension centers and R&D institutes.
Extension workers to
farmers ratio is very wide. There is a need to reduce the gap in
order to make the extension effective. Agri-clinics and
Agro-business centers can fill the gap and support the extension
among the students is the need of the hour. There must be some
curricula to built up confidence among the students to develop
self-employment. For such activities the infrastructural
developments funds support should come from ICAR.
extension services is inevitable in the present context of
agriculture. Even other countries in the world are doing
privatization. It is necessary to have public-private sector linkage
and coordination for agricultural extension.
E-extension has a
great potential in India. Development of rural infrastructure is
necessary for utilization of the e-extension potential in India.
Contract farming can,
in one way, help the small and medium farmers to get assured
technological support for crop production as well as assured
marketing to their products. However proper legislative protecting
measures are needed to avoid exploitation of the farmers.
In rainfed areas,
blending of traditional and modern technologies is very much needed
for better adoption of technology.